64% of women have eye disorders associated with menopause
64% of women going through menopause have various symptoms of ocular surface disease, caused by insufficient moisture and lubrication of the surface of the eye, such as the so-called Dry Eye Disease (DED) syndrome. The data comes from a study carried out on a sample of 1,947 women carried out by a group of researchers from Dexeus Mujer, led by Dr Pascual García Alfaro, gynecologist and head of the Menopause Unit of this center, and have published in Menopause: The Journal of American Menopause Society.
According to the authors, although it was already known that the hormonal factor plays an important role in its development, it is a much more frequent pathology than is believed, whose prevalence increases with age and becomes a chronic disease. But in our country there are not many studies promoted by menopause specialists who have carried out research on this problem, which, although it may seem irrelevant at first, has a very important impact on the quality of life of people who suffer from it.
The work was carried out between October 2018 and January 2019 on a sample of 1,947 Dexeus Mujer patients with a mean age of 54.2 ± 6.8 years, who had menopause at 49.45 ± 4.02 years. To carry it out, an email survey was sent that included a questionnaire called the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), which is used to assess the presence of symptoms related to dry eye and the impact on quality of life related to visual function.
The results showed that 64% of the patients who participated in the study had symptoms of ocular surface disease related to insufficient lubrication and wetting (1,247 of 1,947). However, only 25.7% of them had been diagnosed with dry eye syndrome before taking the test (OSDI). Which shows that these problems are underdiagnosed. In addition, the prevalence was higher in postmenopausal women (66.8%) compared to those who were in the perimenopausal stage (59.4%), and in older women (55 years or more) and / or who had menopause at an earlier age.
Menopause. 2020 Jun 22. doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000001565